55th Westmoreland Reg't a Foot Bonnet Badge


#00002194
Price: $129.00
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You are viewing a large (almost 8 cm top to bottom) brass bonnet badge for the 55th Westmoreland Regiment. This badge was established in 1782 after the name changes of the first reforms. A nice clean relic of a bygone era, with both original lug type fasteners intact and in good order. A rare find among Victoria era cap badges.


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History ...
The 55th Regiment of Foot raised in Stirling, Scotland in 1755. George Perry, Esqr. was appointed Colonel, on the 25 December 1755. Originally called the 57th Regiment of Foot, the regiment was re-named the 55th in 1757. It was a British Regular Army infantry regiment and existed from 1755 to 1881. After 1782 it had a county designation added, then called the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot. The 55th ceased to exist as a separate regiment when amalgamated into The Border Regiment in 1881 as part of the army reforms of the day.
The regiment saw active service overseas  in the French and Indian Warsin North America, arriving in 1757. They arrived in Nova Scotia on 8 July 1757 to take part in the attack on the Fortress LouisbourgIn November of that same year, the 55th was transferred to Albany, New York. In the spring of 1758, they began to train as "bush  fighters", more like rangers, to better adapt them to warfare in America. The commander at the time, Lord Howe instituted these innovations and made the men of the 55th "almost as dexterious as the rangers. The 55th regiment a foot, consequently became the example for the whole of General James Aberbromby's army assembling to attack the French fort at Ticonderoga. In July 1758, a flotila of 15000 men sailed up Lake George en route to Ticonderoga. The 55th participated in the capture of forts Ticonderoga and Crown Point. They later came to America for the second time to serve in the American Revolution and fought at the Battle of Brooklyn (1776), and the Battle of Brandywine (1777). 
In 1782, County designations were given to many foot regiments and the 55th was renamed "the 55th Westmorland Regiment of Foot". Then on to China, where the 55th served in the First Opium War (183942). The 55th was the first to land during the battle for the Capture of Chusan. Later the 55th saw active service in Turkey and Russia during the Crimean War. They were awarded three battle honours to its Regimental Colour for service in the Crimea: The Alma, Inkerman, and Sevastopol. On 1 July 1881, as part of the Childers Reforms which removed the numbering of Regiments, the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot united with the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot to form The Border Regiment of which the former 55th formed the 2nd battalion.